There are several ways to do this and several ways of doing this are also explained in Intel® Edison Bluetooth* User Guide. For example you could create a PAN as explained in section 6.6 and send the data through FTP, you could also use the FTP profile as explained in section 6.13 or you could use SPP to emulate serial port connection and communicate with your device, this is explained in section 6.7.
I'd suggest you to take a look at the Intel® Edison Bluetooth* User Guide this document is really complete and has a lot of information that might help you in your project.
I was able to use HRP profile for data communication. But I want to stream data continuously. So I thought i'll use the SPP profile. But the SPP_loopback.py code is not accessible in the link provided in the Bluetooth User Guide Rev 5. So I would like to get the proper link for loopback python code. I tried copying the code from the user guide and I edited the code to remove the indentation errors. After executing the command to run the code, the processor is not returning to root@edison:, so that i can run bluetoothctl.
Is there any other profile that I can use to stream data continuously like acquire raw signals from an independent BLE module (without much break in receiving) ?