I have not tried it, but if you are able to get one we would highly suggest you to try it and share your results with the community. Additionally when choosing a device to connect with the breakout board keep in mind that the pins are 1.8V. Also you can check these two posts Re: Intel Edison Camera Module, Re: Transmitting Video With an Edison I think both might be helpful for you.
I had got some info regarding UVC camera from List of USB video class devices - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia but I can't find any info regarding CMOS UVC camera
I found some UVC cameras but I am not sure whether they can work with Edison or not Wholesale 170 degree mjpeg HD 720P Fisheye Lens UVC Android Linux Micro Cmos camera fisheye lens - Alibaba.com
I hope that it could work. If it worked then I will share the process and code
Haha Re: Transmitting Video With an Edison was answered by me based on my experience
I have used ELP's UVC cameras with Edison both with the breakout board (initially) and later with custom hardware. I was able to achieve 720p @ 60fps, transferring over Wifi to various phones (Android & iOS) and displaying it at about 10 - 15 fps (depends on the phone, I'm nowhere near saturating the Wifi bandwidth). I had also done some tests at 480p @ 120 fps and that wasn't a problem for the Edison either (the phones is another topic...). I have shared some of the code that I used to handle the camera in this thread (second page). 1080p @ 30 fps I played with and it seemed to work, but it wasn't my focus.
The camera modules that I decided on - their 60fps 720p OV2710 based modules (different lenses, not fisheye), are very similar to the one that you are considering and in my case a 720p frame is about 110 - 150K depending on lighting conditions - in the above referenced thread there are also links (first page) to the projects that show how to convert the MJPEG frames to JPG standalone files - achievable frame rates in YUV are very slow since the data is not compressed and you are streaming the data over a serial connection (USB).
Once you get the camera and wire it up, "uvcdynctrl -l" will give you all of the capabilities - if you have doubts, ask ELP to send you all of the modes. ELP has, in my experience, been good and their engineers were quick to answer my questions.
Hope this helps - Mario.