Hello Thice, thanks a lot for posting your inquire at Intel communities.
The post screen you get with the information about Intel® Management Engine BIOS and Intel® Active Management Technology is normal and expected in systems that contain these layers.
Since the AMT is not configured in your computer the ASF will report the error, and this is expected as well but it has nothing to do with your problem loading Windows.
The ASF is a DMTF (Distributed Management Task Force) standard for remote monitoring, management and control of computer systems in both OS-present and OS-absent environments. This will be functional once the AMT is configured according to your needs.
To learn about Intel® vPro™ Technology and Intel® Active Management Technology visit the following links:
The behavior you are experiencing with Windows has to do, possibly, with system files that are not loading, reason why it takes you to the Windows Advanced Menu. This situation happens when important system files were deleted or a serious Windows registry change has been done affecting a startup service or process.
You might want to try the option for “Last Known good configuration” to try booting up the last functioning check point. If this doesn't work then try entering in "Safe mode". If it enters Save mode then try to run a "System Restore" to the last check point created by Windows.