I'm sorry to hear that you are having problems with your USB headset.
You are are correct regarding the USB drives, they are Windows* generic ones and they usually will work with no problems. In this case, it seems to me that it could be related tot he driver of the headset. Any USB device that you connect to the system, needs to load an specific driver, usually it is storage on the device itself. If that driver is not compatible with your new operating system or hardware, it may not work properly and can cause the behavior that you are experiencing.
I will also like to confirm that there are no options on the motherboard BIOS that may help you with this problem, but I do recommend you to contact the manufacturer of the headset and ask if they have similar reports or if they have an updated driver that may help you with the problem.