On this specific case I suggest you to run the Intel ssd optimizer, under the Intel SSD Management Tools from the Intel SSD toolbox, you can find that tool at the following link:http://downloadcenter.intel.com/Detail_Desc.aspx?agr=Y&DwnldID=18455&lang=eng&wapkw=solid%20state%20drive%20toolbox
If the issue persist I suggest you to contact the system manufacturer for further assistance.
I found the issue in between.
It was my motherboard. I guess an issue with the S/ATA-ports, since the issue occured also with a standard HDD drive.
After exchanging the motherboard everything runs seamlessly now.