I have seen many people using Nvidia Jetson TX1/TX2 developer kits with D435
Can it work with ODROID?
Any other minicomputer, which could be used?
How much processing power is still needed at application computer, isn't main calculations done at vision processor D4
" The primary function of Vision Processor D4 is to perform depth stereo vision processing"
The 400.Series cameras can work with any Intel or ARM processor, with the main requirement being a USB 3.0 port.
This recent discussion about single board options may be useful to you.
Two other people recently asked about using Odroid