There have been some reports of users not being able to attain the same depth quality on D435 that they had on Kinect. So it is not just you.
In cases where you are getting a black area on the left side of the screen, an initial method you can try in order to get more detail is de-selecting the 'Enable auto-exposure' option in the SDK Viewer program and instead setting gain and exposure manually with sliders.
Is there a possibility that some future firmware updates will improve the quality of the data?
I saw that my device has 5.08 firmware version, and on the intel website is available the 5.9 version.
is there any news about the qualty of the new firmware?
I tryed to play with the auto exposure and with other parameters. I even reduced the frame rate, used my algorithm to reduce the frame rate to 60 to 30 and using 2 frame to create one average frame, but the result isn't soo good. Not as good as we need to our job. And I can't go under 30 fps because I need that frame rate to have that minimum speed to interact with our games/app.
From this page
"...The depth accuracy of the D400 series cameras is less than one Percent of the distance from the object..."
but I'm not even near that kind of result... and I'm really worried about that...
Is this behaviour an intrinsic features of the sensor? Will it be improved?
Reportedly, users of the D415 model attain better image results. This may be a consequence of hardware differences, as the D415 has its RGB sensor integrated into its circuit board, whereas the D435 model uses a connector to attach the sensor. There's no information yet though to confirm whether the way in which the RGB sensor is integrated on each model has a bearing on image quality.
There is nothing in the latest firmware that would address your image issues. However, the firmware's release notes do give the advice that if you have speckles on your infrared, you may be able to reduce them by reducing the 'laser power' setting.
You are using SDK version 2.10.0. I would advise updating to 10.0.1, and then updating to the latest camera firmware version 18.104.22.168 if an SDK update does not improve your image.
There have been lot of developers who found D415 to be better than D435 in terms of accuracy. This is specially true for Smaller distance, and with smaller objects.
I don't think having a sensor connected directly to the board, or having it connected via a connectors makes any difference. If link from sensor to processor is not stable, the connection will fail due to MIPI errors. So we can't suspect any errors.
However, note that D415 & D435 use different IR sensors.
D415: OV2740, 1920x1080, Diagonal FOV 77, Rolling shutter
D435: OV2982, 1280x800, Diagonal FOV 90, Global shutter
So, as you see the biggest difference is that D435 has smaller resolution, and higher FOV. So spatial context covered by one pixel on D435 is much larger than D415. I feel that this may be the main reason behind drop in performance. However, D435 is claimed to be more suitable for Mobile Robots due to Global Shutter. It also has higher FOV, so may be useful for some specific tasks.
There are many developers who have not been very happy with D435 quality.
One of the suggestions I came across recently was to try with different presets. If you are using Realsense Viewer, then you should try with various presets. There are some more presets which are not available under realsense viewer, but can be tested in custom applications.
You can find information about various presets here
Apart from Presets, you can also play around with post-processing.
There are some more suggestions on this thread regarding how to improve D435 performance by tuning various knobes.
With my personal testing so far, I have seen that D435 can some times fail on surfaces without texture. This happens despite using active IR, which is strange. On some other occasions, D435 can work well under similar test conditions.
First off, I'll share my experience: Regarding depth reproduction, not considering cost or form factor, I have a 415 next to a 435 and we're A/B testing them, and we can't find any instance where the 415 outperforms the 435. We have not, however, tried anything that's near-field (including the "hand" preset), we're testing from 1-2 meters out, for the time being, to try to get the sensor under control before we widen our depth range.
Next, beyond the presets, we have not had any meaningful output from adjustments to depth sensor settings regarding enhanced fidelity. And I'd like to clarify that the calibration application has no bearing on the depth reproduction, is this correct? I believe that use of the calibration tool is to set the color camera's distortion coefficients (the K's), the impact of which is limited to the color to depth alignment.
Any confirmation or feedback on the above is much appreciated!
In order to check if something is wrong with your D435 module, you can play around with rs-depth-quality tool, if not done already.
Recently Marty shared a link for white paper on depth quality tool
and this is the git hub link to this tool
I hope using the above tool you can figure out if your module itself is broken, or if this is the kind of performance Intel claims.