Thank for your response.
A little detail - the CPU uses mcirocode version 0x200002b.
I am ready to give any additional information to help to resolve this annoying problem.
P.S. I've already had a request for support about ixgbe driver using 4 years ago and it was successfully resolved.
x86br, thank you for patience.
We have reviewed this matter, and I believe this matter could be potentially related to compatibility between the microcode and the Linux distribution build you are using. Our suggestion based on this is to install the latest BIOS from your computer manufacturer and to check with Linux support for more information.
I have already installed the latest BIOS from Gigabyte ( version F4 from 09/14/2017 ) and did not solve the problem.
The latest Linux kernel works unstable with tsc and I suppose this reflects some hardware issues with the newest CPU.
I understand that I have nothing to do but wait for a new BIOS release ( Gigabyte's support answered that they support only Windows 10 ) and a new Linux kernel which will may be ( or not ) tackle the issue.
The pity of the situation is the old i5-3570 CPU worked without any problem.