You don't have a true TPM IC in this particular NUC. Instead, you have a TPM emulator (for lack of a better description), called Intel Platform Trust Technology (PTT), running (well, at least trying to run) on the Intel Management Engine (ME). See here for more information: Intel NUC & Compute Stick TPM and PTT Support.
Because it is a ME issue, my suggestion is to install the latest available BIOS using the jumper-based Recovery Method (see here: Intel NUC BIOS Recovery Update Instructions). After this completes, use F2 to enter BIOS Setup (Visual BIOS) and then use F9 (followed by 'Y') to reset the BIOS configuration. Now, make any changes to the BIOS configuration (boot order, etc.) that are absolutely necessary and then exit from Visual BIOS saving the configuration. Hopefully this will have cleared up the error...
Hope this helps,
I installed the latest BIOS (#0049) , reset all BIOS config to default (F9) but the TPM error is still alive...
Have you installed PTT support?
...I didn't find any extra software to install for PTT support.
On this page <Trusted Platform Module Information > my NUC Intel® NUC Kit NUC7i5BNH is one of the supported products,
The App "Intel(R) Management Engine Components" is installed in Version 126.96.36.199, running on Windows 10 Pro.
What else is missing?