This message was posted on behalf of Intel Corporation
Thanks for your interest in the Intel® Edison platform.
There is a known issue that the latest Edison image doesn’t run Arduino sketches once the board is rebooted, however, you can find a workaround here: Run Arduino sketch on boot Workaround. Doing that you can upload your Arduino sketch and every time you turn on your Edison (using just a power supply if you want), it’ll run the Arduino sketch.
Hope you find this information useful.