I recently downloaded the Intel® Galileo Board microSD Card Linux* Operating System Image and made a bootable micro SD card. My card has just the boot directory and the bzimage file. All of the decimation shows two more folders, firmware and win-driver. The card appears to be good. I can make a serial connection to the board , log on to root and get version info, etc. Have I missed something or is the documentation out of date?
The documentation is out of date (it's been reported in several other threads e.g. Re: Image named iot-devkit-prof-dev-image-galileo-20160606 is not there). Just in case, take a look at the output of
for checking whether the the card is mounted.