I am not aware of known issue with Atapi drives.
See a list of known issues with the latest Intel® Rapid Storage Enterprise version here:
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Builtin standard driver. As you can see, there's "DVD/CD-ROM drives" between "Display adapters" and "Firmware". Also, you can see from the driver version that it's Windows 10 10586 (Enterprise, non-LTSB btw):
However, when RSTe (Download Intel® RSTe AHCI & SCU Software RAID driver for Windows*) is installed:
Same case with the 4.3 branch (Download Intel® RSTe AHCI & SCU Software RAID driver for Windows*):
While RST (Download Intel® Rapid Storage Technology (Intel® RST) RAID Driver) has no such issue:
Dear Allan, there is no difference in server/desktop chipset, regarding controller - it is absolutely the same. The problem is in software drivers of RSTe.
I had the same problems as mentioned above: Windows 2012 R2 x64 and Intel Rapid Storage Technology Enterprise v126.96.36.1991 installed. My DVD device is unusable.
Intel C600+/C220+ series chipset SATA AHCI Controller
Intel C600+/C220+ series chipset sSATA AHCI Controller
The topic starter is asking correct questions. All this is actual for users.
I'm sure we need to create a ticket as bug-report for Intel, because there is no any difference technically is this a server or desktop, because controller/chipset is absolutely the same (you can easy checkout by ID), it is a software restriction in drivers (if ATAPI device then skip), probably, by error.