If you install the latest 2.9.1 version of the RealSense SDK 2.0 then you can find the Measure sample in the folder Intel RealSense SDK 2.0> samples > measure
There is a file in this folder called measure.vcxproj. You can download the SDK here:
I have not built any source code in Visual Studio myself and could find no formal documentation on building the source of Realsense SDK 2.0 projects. I believe though that a tool called CMake can be used to build the source, using a 'list' file called CMakeList that is provided in the sample folders.
Visual Studio 2017 makes using CMake easier by automatically launching a CMakeList file if the file is included in the same folder as the cpp file.
CmakeList files can be found on the online version of the samples.
For advice on using CMake with older versions of Visual Studio, I would refer you to this guide:
An Intel support agent with experience in this area may also be able to advise you when they return to work on Monday. I apologize that I could not be of more use on this question. Have a great day!