RealSense has been shown to work with Windows 10 IoT Core and robotics. Microsoft created a robot panda that runs on Windows 10 IoT Core.
"During testing of Windows 10 IoT Core running on Intel’s new chip, Microsoft created a robot panda called “Bamboo” which is able to connect to Microsoft’s Azure and Cognitive Services and gain sentiment analysis and translation abilities."
“You can speak to Bamboo in any language and she can translate into her native English and understand your mood via Twitter,” said Steve Teixeira, general manager of Microsoft’s Windows Partner Application Experience team, in a statement on Sept. 2. “Bamboo can move about and build an understanding of her environment with the compute platform and an Intel RealSense camera.”
It may not be as simple as attaching the camera to a regular PC and using the normal SDK. Every information source I have seen says that the Intel Joule 'compute module' hardware is needed in order for RealSense to be used with IoT Core. This costs $350.
The best RealSense camera to use with the Joule will be the new $289 ZR300 camera released on March 13, though somebody managed to get the older R200 camera working with Joule by doing some tweaks, apparently.
Joule in the Intel store:
The R200 workarounds:
Yes I understood that you likely did not have Joule and that the cost of it would be bad news for your planned project. A more affordable idea may be to drop the idea of using IoT core and instead try to interface with the Dragon board via the F200 you already have and the Robot Operating System (ROS).
Your main challenge then becomes how to interface the USB 3.0-based RealSense F200 camera with the dragon board. Since the dragon board is USB 2.0 (like most mini-boards), you would probably have to follow the example of Raspberry Pi and Arduino board users, and set up a serial connection between the dragon board and a full PC that has the RealSense camera attached to it.