I have to reply to myself now as I gathered a bit more information.
The PIO Only Transfer mode for IDE ATA/ATAPI Controller (Primary IDE channel) as suggested in Microsoft technote seemed to fix the issue with "The driver detected a controller error on \Device\Harddisk0\D" and "A parity error was detected on \Device\Ide\IdePort0" errors in the System Event Log. However, it is not conclusive because I have used the PC in this mode only for one day. Also there was considerable performance degradation in this mode. In my estimates, Windows logon, application startup and even refreshing icons on the desktop was taking 5-10 longer than before. I have also noticed that disk I/O operations such as opening folders or files was slower on SSD drive with PIO Only transfer mode than on my second Seagate HDD which was still operating in the DMA if available transfer mode.
It all made sense to me when I read more about these tranfer modes in yet another Microsoft article (why not Intel), see More Information section there:
I decided to switch back to the DMA if available transfer mode for IDE ATA/ATAPI Controller (Primary IDE channel) to which my Intel SSD is connected and see how it goes.
PS. Still waiting on some feedback from more experienced collaborators on this Intel forum.
Thank you very much for posting.
Have you tried to run a full diagnostic test with the Intel® SSD Toolbox?
You may also want to reinstall or update the chipset/SATA controller driver.
If the issue persists you may contact Intel® Customer support for further assistance: